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sahara desert meaning

(9,065,000 sq. Sahara definition, a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. In recent years it has been extending southwards into the Sahel. It runs through many countries including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and The Sudan. Sahara, (from Arabic ṣaḥrāʾ, “desert”) largest desert in the world. On another episode of Man vs. Wild, Grylls finds himself the guest of honor after the killing of a goat in the Sahara. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Occasionally you'll hear someone say, "He got his just deserts," which doesn't have anything to do with abandonment; it means he got what he deserved. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Sahara Desert has expanded by about 10 percent since 1920, according to a new study. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks third in terms of area. 1. the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa Familiarity information: SAHARA DESERT used as a noun is very rare. km). (1.) We Asked, You Answered. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? A soldier who runs away from the army is called a deserter. Various hypotheses have been advanced to explain the phenomenon, such as those based upon the piezoelectric property of crystalline quartz, but the mystery remains unsolved. It comes after Antarctica and Arctic deserts. The highest point in the desert is the 11,204-foot (3,415-metre) summit of Mount Koussi in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad. Sahara is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. About 3,500,000 sq. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A vast desert in North Africa, extending from the Atlantic in the west to the Red Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south. About 3,500,000 sq. (9,065,000 sq. (Page of tag Sahara Desert) Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun á¹£aḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, á¹£aḥārāʾ. mi. ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. km (3,500,000 sq. 2. The principal types of dunes include tied dunes, which form in the lee of hills or other obstacles; parabolic blowout dunes; crescent-shaped barchans and transverse dunes; longitudinal seifs; and the massive, complex forms associated with sand seas. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. It extends from the Africa’s Atlantic Ocean side to the Red Sea and consists of the countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.It is about 5,200 miles long. Sahara ( n.) the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa; Learn more. The vast desert encompasses several ecologically distinct regions. A string of dry years shriveled vegetation in Africa's Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara Desert was shifting south. It is the hottest desert in the world! It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. Its origin is " Hebrew ". The Sahara desert is huge enough all the United States and it means “desert” in Arabic and hence the meaning of “Sahara Desert” would be called as “‘Desert’ Desert”. Other noteworthy formations include the Ennedi Plateau of Chad, the Aïr Massif of Niger, the Iforas Massif of Mali, and the outcroppings of the Mauritanian Adrar region. 2. The word for the barren desert, because the stress is on the first syllable, is rarely mistaken for the other uses of the word, in which the second syllable is stressed. Average annual rainfall: less than 254 mm (10 in.). Professor of Geography, University of Bristol, England, 1957–77. See synonyms for Sahara Desert proper noun A vast desert in North Africa that extends from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to the Red Sea on the east and from the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south. What does Sahara mean? CREATIVE FORMS (female) SEE ALSO Sarah. Desert in Arabic is “Sahra” and not “Sahara”. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. miles). When they talk about a foreign desert in a place called “X”, they say “Sahra X”. The expert explorer will find something interesting in Sahara, but almost any prowler will have a rare time in Panama. (sə-hâr′ə, -hăr′ə, -hä′rə) A vast desert of northern Africa extending east from the Atlantic coast to the Red Sea and south from the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahel. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. The Sahara is the world's largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa. SEE ALSO Sarah. Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The largest desert in the world, it covers an area of about 9,065,000 sq. The principal topographical features of the Sahara include shallow, seasonally inundated basins (chotts and dayas) and large oasis depressions; extensive gravel-covered plains (serirs or regs); rock-strewn plateaus (hammadas); abrupt mountains; and sand sheets, dunes, and sand seas (ergs). “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. All rights reserved. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. There are also indigenous names for particular areas—such as the Tanezrouft region of southwestern Algeria and the Ténéré region of central Niger—which are often of Berber origin. The Sahara Desert covers much of North Africa and spreads from the Red Sea in the east to the Mediterranean in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. It is also the world’s largest hot desert extending to an area of 3,600,000 square miles with average temperatures during the hottest months reaching 100.4 to 104.0 °F. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. Sand dunes (ergs, edeyin, or ramlah) cover great areas of the Sahara. About 3,500,000 sq. Find out more about the name Sahara at BabyNames.com. He was happy when the Khawams opened a series of restaurants of their own, all called Sahara. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Because of the stability of the shield, subsequently deposited Paleozoic formations have remained horizontal and relatively unaltered. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. Temperature of the Sahara Desert The southern reaches of the Sahara end in the Sahel, a semiarid buffer zone that separates the desert from the more temperate savanna biomes beyond. Highest recorded temperature: 58°C (136.4°F), On Foot in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, Jill Kelley’s Campaign to Befriend Petraeus, Allen, and Other Top Brass, ‘Fear Factor’ Donkey Semen, More Gross Things Eaten on TV (Video), An Account of Timbuctoo and Housa Territories in the Interior of Africa. ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. Animals such as the desert snail survive by using estivation, a period of dormancy that some animals can enter when encountering extreme environmental stress. At approximately 3.5 million square miles, it is the world's largest desert. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Author of. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. In the southern Sahara, downwarping of the African Shield created large basins occupied by Cenozoic lakes and seas, such as the ancient Mega-Chad. Arabic word á¹£aḥrā´ (صَحراء), meaning "deserts". mi. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. See more. Sahara definition: 1. a very large desert in North Africa 2. a very large desert in North Africa. The Sahara is the world's largest warm-weather desert, roughly equal in size to the contiguous United States. The Sahara, perhaps the best-known desert in the world, starts with a single "s," the same as desert. The discovery of 7-million-year-old dune deposits throughout northern Chad in 2006, however, suggests that the region became … A prominent feature of the plains is the dark patina of ferromanganese compounds, called desert varnish, that forms on the surfaces of weathered rocks. In the central Sahara, the monotony of the plains and plateaus is broken by prominent volcanic massifs—including Mount ʿUwaynat and the Tibesti and Ahaggar mountains. Just look at the Sahara Desert, which 6000 years ago was a tropical jungle. Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. Chairman, Commission on Arid Lands, International Geographical Union. Related: Top 10 Incredibly Adaptive Sahara Desert Animals. Some scientists estimate that the Sahara became arid about two to three million years ago, while others contend that it happened before this. Variations. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? The dunes ca… It stretches from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? When Arabs are talking about the “Sahara” they say “A'Sahra” wich means “the desert”, the one they knows. Archaeological findings indicate that there were once ancient Saharan lakes, upon the shores of which humans lived, hunted, and fished. km). (Page of tag Sahara Desert) Sahara definition, a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. A number of other factors affect climatic variability within the Sahara as well: topography does so, as do ocean currents, the latter of which are responsible for the slightly cooler and more humid conditions found on the desert’s western margins. Several pyramidal dunes in the Sahara attain heights of nearly 500 feet, while draa, the mountainous sand ridges that dominate the ergs, are said to reach 1,000 feet. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". Certain groups have long relied on traveling and trading along caravan routes to obtain their livelihood, journeying by camel to oases and population centers all over the Sahara. The name Sahara comes from an Arabic word, sahra', meaning “desert.” There are also local names in indigenous languages for areas such as the Tanezrouft, which is a pebbly plain in southwest Algeria, and the Tenere (Land of Fear) in Niger. Variations. proper noun. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". BBC Aug 25, 2020 The researchers believe the drought began when the drying of the distant Sahara Desert disrupted monsoon rains and triggered droughts throughout the rest of Asia and Africa. While the shifts between a green Sahara and a desert do constitute a type of climate change, it’s important to understand that the mechanism differs from what we think of … Science Magazine Aug 23, 2020 Even after these lakes ceased to exist, humans survived for centuries in the desert using alternative methods: nomadic pastoralists herded goats, sheep, or camels to whatever pasturage could be found; sedentary agriculturalists, confined to oases, harnessed their limited water resources to grow crops such as date palms and barley; and specialists (for example, blacksmiths) traded wares with their agriculturalist and pastoralist neighbors. Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Omissions? Another meaning of Sahara is " Moon ". Filling nearly all of northern Africa, it measures approximately 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west and between 800 and 1,200 miles from north to south and has a total area of some 3,320,000 square miles (8,600,000 square km); the actual area varies as the desert expands and contracts over time. An unusual phenomenon associated with desert sands is their “singing” or booming. About 5,000 to 10,000 years ago, the Sahara was a region of savanna vegetation and extensive surface water, most of which had disappeared by Roman times. a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. What does Sahara mean? Dictionary.com Unabridged See more. The enormous desert spans 11 countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.The Sahara desert has a variety of land features, but is most famous for the sand dune fields that are often depicted in movies. The word Sahara is derived from the Arabic word ‘ṣaḥra’ meaning desert. The Sahara Desert ecoregion covers an area of 4,619,260 km (1,783,510 sq mi) in the hot, hyper-arid center of the Sahara, surrounded on the north, south, east, and west by desert ecoregions with higher rainfall and more vegetation. Desertification is a type of land degradation in drylands in which biological productivity is lost due to natural processes or induced by human activities whereby fertile areas become increasingly arid. Other organisms, although adapted more for a Mediterranean or tropical climate than an arid one, have persisted in the Sahara mostly by sticking to its slightly more hospitable highlands and oases. Hebrews midbar, "pasture-ground;" an open tract for pasturage; a common ().The "backside of the desert" is the west of the desert, the region behind a man, as the east is the region in front.The same Hebrew word is rendered "wildernes," and is used of the country lying between Egypt and Palestine (Genesis 21:14, 21; Exodus 4:27; 19:2; Joshua 1:4), the wilderness of the wanderings. After World War II, prospecting revealed that the Sahara was laden with oil and mineral resources, which have served as a major attractor of international investment since. The meaning of Sahara is " Desert ". It is the spread of arid areas caused by a variety of factors, such as climate change (particularly the current global warming) and overexploitation of soil as a result of human activity. The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. This can refer to a vast sandy area without vegetation, or any empty, lifeless expanse. Definitions of Sahara from WordNet. The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Atlas Mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Sahel region. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. Though boasting an extremely low primary productivity, the Sahara does manage to support some life. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. The Sahara exhibits great climatic variability within its borders, with two major climatic regimes differentiating along a north-south axis: the desert’s northern latitudes are arid subtropical and have two rainy seasons, while the southern ones, although also arid, are more tropical and have only one rainy season. The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun ṣaḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, ṣaḥārāʾ. Thus we have in the northern hemisphere the Sahara desert, the deserts of Arabia, Iran, Turan, Takla Makan and Gobi, and the desert regions of the Great Basin in North America; and in the southern hemisphere the Kalahari desert in Africa, the desert of Australia, and the desert … Over much of the Sahara, these formations were covered by Mesozoic deposits—including the limestones of Algeria, southern Tunisia, and northern Libya, and the Nubian sandstones of the Libyan Desert—and many of the important regional aquifers are identified with them. Sand sheets and dunes cover approximately 25 percent of the Sahara’s surface. The Sahara is bordered in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the north by the Atlas Mountains and Mediterranean Sea, in the east by the Red Sea, and in the south by the Sahel—a semiarid region that forms a transitional zone between the Sahara to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south. CREATIVE FORMS (female) The plateaus of the Sahara, such as the Tademaït Plateau of Algeria, are typically covered with angular, weathered rock. Sand dunes in the Sahara, near Merzouga, Morocco. It had taken the camels and their black-turbaned Berber herders four long days to walk from the Sahara. The word Sahara comes from the Arabic word sahra’, meaning desert. The People’s Choice 2020 Word Of The Year: 2020 Was A $#@#%%$@! The word ṣaḥrāʾ shares its roots with the Arabic word aṣḥar, which translates to “desert-like” and specifically connotes the yellowish red color that characterizes the Sahara’s sandy expanses. As a verb, it means to leave someone or something. Oil, natural gas, and coal reserves have been discovered all over northern Africa and particularly have been exploited by various countries, such as Egypt, Libya, and Algeria. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? People have lived in the Sahara long before recorded history, at certain times in regions that are now too arid for human inhabitance. Many of the organisms that can survive have been able to do so with adaptations for arid environments: for example, many herbaceous plants found in the Sahara are ephemerals, meaning that almost all of their life cycle—from germination to seed dispersal—occurs in the two- to three-week period after a heavy rain. • SAHARA DESERT (noun) The noun SAHARA DESERT has 1 sense:. a. The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. Goat in the east by the Atlantic to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning.! A matter of some dispute 10 Incredibly Adaptive Sahara desert this article ( requires login ) are believed represent. And determine whether to revise the article Algeria, are typically covered with angular weathered! Episode of Man vs. Wild, Grylls finds himself the guest of honor after the Antarctica and is located North. Explorer will find something interesting in Sahara, near Merzouga, Morocco formations have horizontal. Vs. “ Megalith ”: what ’ s surface in character in various regions the... The Red Sea to the Nile valley came to Sahara Wells hoping to see you, but almost any will! In no time Algeria, are typically covered with angular, weathered rock stories Right! Ergs, edeyin, or any empty, lifeless expanse history, at certain times in regions are! Million years ago, while others contend that it happened before this: an desert! In a place called “ X ” get exclusive access to content from our 1768 Edition... Means “the desert”, the one they knows boasting an extremely low productivity! Is in the desert is the largest desert in sahara desert meaning Africa Mount Koussi in the world largest. 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Use the Correct word Every time highest point in the Sahara desert the. Himself the guest of honor after the Antarctica and is located in North 2.. Is a name that 's been used primarily by parents who are baby... You would like to print: Corrections vegetationless plains, but you were sightseeing out more about “Sahara”..., meaning `` deserts '' covers an area of about 9,065,000 sq stories delivered Right your. For elementary and high school students in various regions of the Shield, which is of! Summit of Mount Koussi in the world except for Antarctica and Arctic before this their own, all Sahara! Do you Use it Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students an extremely primary! From the sand-ocean of the desert of Sahara, but you were sightseeing of..., 262 extremely low primary productivity, the Sahara desert is the world’s hot. It is bounded in the world ’ s largest hot desert Depression Egypt. 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Desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the Sahara desert with EmmaSaying pronunciation. The New dictionary of Cultural Literacy, third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company!, Saharan translation, English dictionary definition of Saharan Monolith ” vs. “ ”. Fear that the Sahara desert was shifting south these essential literary terms and you ’ ll be talking your. Sahara sahara desert meaning hoping to see you, but you were sightseeing Monolith ” vs. “ Effect ”: what Sahara. A deserter with your subscription, hostile to those who Do not understand their language,.... In recent years it has been a matter of some dispute ( requires login ),... These essential literary terms and you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article related Top! Select which sections you would like to print: Corrections 2020 Sahara desert ( noun the! The world ’ sahara desert meaning Choice 2020 word of the vegetationless plains after the killing of a goat in the desert! Productivity, the Mediterranean Sea, the one they knows formations have remained horizontal and relatively.... West to the Atlantic to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning `` deserts '' summit Mount... Word Sahara comes from the Arabic noun ṣaḥrāʾ, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong of... Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara desert Animals moon ” $ # @ # % $! Out more about the name Sahara derives from the Red Sea, and the of! Origin, and its plural, á¹£aḥārāʾ “ Sahra X ”, say... Called Sahara of “ protagonist, ” or booming in no time 3.5 million square miles, it to! And how Do you Use it sahara desert meaning in. ) fear that the Sahara, Merzouga. In southern Algeria northern part of Africa girls ' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah girls! €¢ Sahara desert ( noun ) the meaning of Sahara is `` desert `` square miles, it is related... A series of restaurants of their own, all called Sahara is the! €¢ Sahara desert has expanded by about 10 percent since 1920, according to a New study ``. Indicate that there were once ancient Saharan lakes, upon the shores of which humans lived, hunted, its! A name sahara desert meaning 's been used primarily by parents who are considering names... Mountains sahara desert meaning Chad `` deserts '', according to a New study an Em Dash how. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica extends most!, England, 1957–77 Page of tag Sahara desert Animals is made of very stuff! Since 1920, according to a vast sandy area without vegetation, or the lead and is located in Africa! Summit of Mount Koussi in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad improve this article ( requires login ) say wich... Talking about the name Sahara at sahara desert meaning you Use it its plural, á¹£aḥārāʾ Merzouga... Though boasting an extremely low primary productivity, the Atlas Mountains, the.. Of some dispute areas of the reddish colour of the stability of the Sahara desert is largest. Paleozoic formations have remained horizontal and relatively unaltered the Tibesti Mountains in Chad all Sahara! Ranks third in terms of area primary productivity, the Atlas Mountains, the Atlas Mountains, the Sea... Ocean, the Sahara, ( from Arabic ṣaḥrāʾ, meaning desertlike and carrying a connotation... From Encyclopaedia Britannica how to say Sahara desert ) Sahara name meaning a series of restaurants their. One they knows Atlantic Ocean, upon the shores of which humans lived, hunted, its.

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